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The European Union

The application for Malta's membership in the European Union (EU) was presented on the 16th July 1990. This became a divisive issue, with Malta's application being frozen in 1996 and subsequently being reactivated in 1998. Malta was formally accepted as a candidate country at the Helsinki summit of December 1999. After a long period of negotiations which were concluded late in 2002 a referendum on membership was held in 2003. Following the results of a Referendum, the mandate for Malta to join the European Union was confirmed in the National Elections of 2003. A local consensus on membership was subsequently achieved. The accession treaty was signed and ratified and Malta joined the EU on the 1st May 2004. Subsequently Malta joined the Eurozone on the 1st January 2008.

The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union consisting of 28 member countries, located primarily in Europe. The European Union was established by the Treaty of Maastricht in 1993 upon the foundations of the European Communities.

These member states of the European Union are: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.

For more information about theses countries please click here.

The European Union has developed a single market though a standardised system of laws which apply in all member states. Sixteen member states have adopted a common currency, the Euro (€), constituting the Euro zone. The EU holds important institutions including the European Commission, the Council of the European Union, the European Council, the European Parliament, the Court of Justice of the European Union, and the European Central Bank.

The European Commission

The European Parliament

The Council of the European Union

The Court of Justice of the European Union

The European Central Bank

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